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The Powertrain control module microprocessor, the brain of the car, is fed information by sensors throughout the vehicle. In the transmission they are responsible for shift timing and various aspects of shifting. The transmission control module is another microprocessor used to regulate the function of the transmission. All of these microprocessors and fed information from the sensors. Here is a list of some of the sensors about your car and their functions to help your car function properly and alerts the main processor if their is a malfunction and store the code so that our technicians at The Lake Worth Transmission Repair Shop can properly diagnose your transmission problems.
The Transmission Input Speed Sensor This sensor measures the revolutions per minute or RPMs of the input shaft. As the Torque convertor sends the proper pressure to the clutches and planetary gear assembly the car begins to move. When the car or truck is moving, the transmission input shaft rotates at the same RPM as the engine. Your car's speed relies on the input speed and the gear ratio. If this doesn't happen this will alert the PCM that there is a specific problem.
The Transmission Output Speed Sensor
This sensor measures the speed of the "output shaft" in revolutions per minute.
Vehicle Speed Sensor
This sensor measures pure speed. If this sensor goes bad the transmission will malfunction. This can make it appear as if the transmission is broken but that is why you should have a trusted transmission shop that will only replace the sensor and not make you believe you need a costly repair.
This measures air flow into the engine intake. If this sensor goes bad it can make the transmission shifting be erratic in many different ways. This also can make it appear that your transmission has severe problems. Many times we are able to just change out the sensor and everything is restored to normal working order.
Turbine Speed Shaft Sensor
This measures the shaft's speed rotation inside the transmission which in turn determines the amount of clutch slipping is happening. This will tell us if their is a problem with the clutch or if the sensor is malfunctioning.
Intake Air Temperature Sensor
This tells the Power control module what the temperature of the air as going into the engine's intake and also controls the amount of air that is mixed with the fuel. It is also part of the pressure control system for the transmission. If this sensor malfunctions it can cause abnormal shifting.
Coolant Temperature sensor
The PCM uses this sensor to also regulate air mixture ratio with fuel and also measures the radiator fluid and water temperature as well as restrict the clutch in cooler temperatures.
Throttle position sensor
This measures throttle movement and send information to the transmission control module that and sudden increase or decrease in acceleration is at hand. A failing sensor of this kind can cause shifting issues that would appear as if the transmission is failing.
So as we see, sensors play a big roll in function as well as diagnosis. It is important to know that if you seem to be having transmission problems that sometimes the problem could just be a faulty sensor. But sometimes the sensor is picking up a larger problem that should be addressed right away. Our reputation as the most trusted repair shop in Palm Beach County preceeds us at The Lake Worth Transmission Repair Shop because we have thousands of loyal customers who know they can trust us. Read their stories here.